Building a ShelterPlanet Survival Kits
Selecting the place to set up a shelter is an important survival task. We advise that you pick a level spot on the ground with a smooth surface away from rocks and stones. Locate yourself at least 100 meters away from the sea, rivers and streams to avoid getting swept away in a flood or tide.
Avoid crests and unprotected edges as they can be cold and windy, as well as dry rocky areas where snakes and other poisonous reptiles/insects can hide.
Furthermore, look out for large trees or boulders, objects that could possibly roll over and fall on you. Basically, it would be better to select an area with many dried branches, sticks, and leaves already on the ground so you can minimize the energy you expend collecting materials. However, it would be a good idea checking below these for safety reasons for any rough rocks/stones as well as dangerous reptiles and insects.
The A-frame is the best and easiest survival shelter you can build if stranded in the wild. Start by searching for 2 trees that are approximately 2 meters apart, slice a strong branch between them about 1.30 meters above the ground. Afterwards, gather smaller sticks and place them against the horizontal branch, forming the walls. In the end, place leaves and branches on the walls for insulation.
The lean-to is an easier construction which requires less insulation. Similar to the A-Frame, find 2 trees 2 meters apart and slice a branch between them. Pile up smaller sticks on only one of the sides. We suggest selecting the side that faces the direction the wind is blowing in. Complete the structure by placing branches and leaves on the chosen side for insulation. For extra warmth it would be wise to build a small fire outside in the open area as directed in our previous blog.
As mentioned above, it would be good practice to make a bed or build some kind of structure that protects you from ground temperatures. Laying or sleeping directly on the ground even in warmer temperatures can decrease your body heat to hypothermic levels. We recommend using pile of leaves or pine boughs to create a natural mattress.